RabbitMQ:SpringBoot+RabbitMQ的简单实现之Topic模式

RabbitMQ:SpringBoot+RabbitMQ的简单实现之Topic模式


1.在pom中添加springboot对amqp的支持

<dependency>
	<groupId>org.springframework.boot</groupId>
	<artifactId>spring-boot-starter-amqp</artifactId>
</dependency>

2.在application.properties中添加RabbitMQ的简单配置信息

spring.rabbitmq.host=127.0.0.1
#5672是发送消息端口,15672是管理端的端口
spring.rabbitmq.port=5672
spring.rabbitmq.username=guest
spring.rabbitmq.password=guest

3.配置Queue(消息队列)

@Configuration
public class QueueConfig {

	@Bean(name = "topic_queue1")
	public Queue topic_queue1() {
		return new Queue("topic_queue1");
	}

	@Bean(name = "topic_queue2")
	public Queue topic_queue2() {
		return new Queue("topic_queue2");
	}

	@Bean
	public TopicExchange exchange() {
		return new TopicExchange("topic_exchange");
	}

	@Bean
	Binding bindingExchangeTopicQueue1(@Qualifier("topic_queue1") Queue topic_queue1, TopicExchange exchange) {
		return BindingBuilder.bind(topic_queue1).to(exchange).with("topic.message");
	}

	@Bean
	Binding bindingExchangeTopicQueue2(@Qualifier("topic_queue2") Queue topic_queue2, TopicExchange exchange) {
		// *表示一个词,#表示零个或多个词
		return BindingBuilder.bind(topic_queue2).to(exchange).with("topic.#");
	}
}

4.编写消息生产者

@Component
public class Sender_Topic {

	@Autowired
	private RabbitTemplate rabbitTemplate;
    
    /**
     * RabbitMQ将会根据第二个参数去寻找有没有匹配此规则的队列,如果有,则把消息给它,如果有不止一个,则把消息分发给匹配的队列(每个队列都有消息!)
     * 
     * @param exchangeName 交换机名称
     * @param routingKey   发送的routingKey
     * @param message      内容
     */
    public void send(String exchangeName,String routingKey,Message message) {
    	rabbitTemplate.convertAndSend(exchangeName,routingKey,message);
    }
}

5.编写消息消费者

@Component
public class Receive_Topic {

	//监听器监听指定的Queue
	@RabbitListener(queues="topic_queue1")    
    public void process1(Message message) throws UnsupportedEncodingException {
    	MessageProperties messageProperties = message.getMessageProperties();
    	
    	String contentType = messageProperties.getContentType();
    	
        System.out.println("Receive-topic_queue1:"+new String(message.getBody(), contentType));
	}
	
	//监听器监听指定的Queue
    @RabbitListener(queues="topic_queue2")
    public void process2(Message message) throws UnsupportedEncodingException {
    	MessageProperties messageProperties = message.getMessageProperties();
    	
    	String contentType = messageProperties.getContentType();
    	
        System.out.println("Receive-topic_queue2:"+new String(message.getBody(), contentType));
    }

}

6.编写测试类

@RunWith(SpringRunner.class)
@SpringBootTest
public class TestRabbitMQ_Topic {
    
    @Autowired
    private Sender_Topic sender_Topic; 
    
    @Test
    public void testRabbit_Topic() {
    /**
    	 * 声明消息 (消息体, 消息属性)
    	 */
        MessageProperties messageProperties = new MessageProperties();
	        //设置消息是否持久化。Persistent表示持久化,Non-persistent表示不持久化
	        messageProperties.setDeliveryMode(MessageDeliveryMode.NON_PERSISTENT);
	        messageProperties.setContentType("UTF-8");
        
        Message message = new Message("hello,rabbit_topic!".getBytes(), messageProperties);
        
    	/**
    	 * 参数2Routing key设置为topic.message,匹配了一个队列,消息将会被发放到这一个队列中
    	 */
    	sender_Topic.send("topic_exchange","topic.message",message);
    	
    	
    	/**
    	 * 参数2Routing key设置为topic.messages,匹配了两个队列,消息将会被发放到这两个队列中
    	 */
    	sender_Topic.send("topic_exchange","topic.messages",message);
    }
}

接下来就可以测试啦,首先启动接收端的应用,紧接着运行发送端的单元测试,接收端应用打印出来接收到的消息,测试即成功!

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